How science is seen as a form of heresy in Huxley and Gosse’s works.

When reading the assigned readings, I saw many similarities between Huxley’s Agnosticism and Christianity and Gosse’s Father and Son. In Huxley’s writings, he describes the harsh and judgmental encounters between Christians and Agnostics. At one point, he says, “It is wrong for a man to say that he is certain of the objective truth of any proposition unless he can produce evidence which logically justifies that certainty. This is what Agnosticism asserts; and, in my opinion, it is all that is essential to Agnosticism.” A common argument that Agnostics bring up is that it is ridiculous to assume to know the truth when there is no evidence to support your claims, and all evidence supports an alternative theory. This concept shows up in Gosse’s autobiography as well. This can be seen when he talks about a commonly held theory at the time, that “God hid the fossils in the rocks in order to tempt geologists into infidelity”. There was no evidence to support this claim, and yet Christians would use these unsubstantiated claims to go against science. In both pieces, agnosticism was used as a sign of being one with science, while for those who were religious, science was a form of heresy, and all scientific findings were God’s way of testing you.

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